Intro. The first organized marathon was part of the first modern Olympics in 1896. The British philosopher John Stuart Mill judged that “the battle of Marathon, even as an event in English history, is more important than the battle of Hastings”. Battle of Marathon (September 490 BCE), in the Greco-Persian Wars, decisive battle in which the Athenians repulsed the first Persian invasion of Greece. Their victory over the Persian invaders gave the fledgling Greek city states confidence in their ability to defend themselves and belief in their continued existence. and the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C. Most of what we know about the Battle of Marathon comes from the account of the historian Herodotus, who wrote about it around 50 years after the battle took place in his Histories. The battle was the end of the first attempt by Persia, under King Darius I, to conquer Greece. In total, ancient historians believed that the Persians had lost 6,000 men while the Greeks lost a few hundred. Most of all, Pericles paid artisans to build temples ...read more, The Battle of Gettysburg, fought from July 1 to July 3, 1863, is considered the most important engagement of the American Civil War. DRAFT. Save. The Battle of Marathon was the first attempt , and first defeat , by Persian forces to subjugate Greece . The ancient games, which took place in ...read more, The so-called golden age of Athenian culture flourished under the leadership of Pericles (495-429 B.C. The Battle of Marathon was significant because it proved to the Greeks that the Persians were not 'invincible', which boosted the moral of the Greek troops, increasing their confidence to incline themselves in a common cause if the Persian attacked again (which they would). What was the outcome of the battle of Marathon? Th The author does an amazing job at providing a glimpse at both Greek and Persian history for most of the book so that the significance and shock of the battle’s outcome is all the more impressed on the reader. This tale became the basis for the modern marathon race. The Greek army decisively defeated the more numerous Persians, marking a turning point in the Greco-Persian Wars. was a king of the city-state of Sparta from about 490 B.C. The Persian expeditionary force of Darius I was not large, perhaps numbering under 30,000. The Persian force retreated to Asia. The Battle of Marathon, 490 BC The Battle of Marathon was the culmination of the first attempt by the vast Persian Empire, under King Darius I, to subjugate Greece. The allied Greek city-states under King Leonidas of Sparta held off the Persian invasion for seven days in the Battle of Thermopylae, earning them a place in history for their last stand in defense of their native soil. Share. 6,400 men. The great King of Persia had sent ambassadors to the Greek city-states, asking for “earth and water”. Also to know is, what was the outcome of the battle of Marathon? Corrections? The journey of Pheidippides from Marathon to Athens also inspired the first Boston Marathon on April 19, 1897. until his death at the Battle of Thermopylae against the Persian army in 480 B.C. What Was the Outcome of the Battle of Marathon? The battle of Marathon is one of history's most famous military engagements. The Greek Plain of Marathon . Ceremonial funeral mounds of the legendary 192 Athenian dead and the loyal Plataeans were erected on the battlefield. But the deities were less certain about the lasting influence of the conflict’s outcome. The Battle of Marathon was fought because the Persian Army wanted to defeat the Greek city-states that supported the uprisings in Ionia, part of modern-day Turkey, against the Persian Empire. and include the Battle of Marathon. Athens was supported by a small force from the city of Plataea. Marathon (490 BCE) Battle of Marathon: famous clash between a Persian invasion force and an army of Athenians in 490 BCE. For the Greeks, who fought a battle and then ran a marathon, it was nap time. 8th grade . Casualties: Persia lost approx. Following the Greek naval success at the Battle of Salamis in 480 bce, Persian King Xerxes left Greece with much of his army. What played a key role in the outcome of the battle of Marathon? Lead by generals Hippias, Datis and Artaphernes, the Persian Army arrived confident after storming the nearby Greek city-state of Eretria. In front of the outnumbered Greeks stood the assembled forces of the Persian empire, a seemingly invincible army with revenge, pillage and plunder on its mind. Battle of Marathon, (September 490 bce), in the Greco-Persian Wars, decisive battle fought on the Marathon plain of northeastern Attica in which the Athenians, in a single afternoon, repulsed the first Persian invasion of Greece. Casualties for the Battle of Marathon are generally listed as 203 Greek dead and 6,400 for the Persians. With the Persians closing in on the Greek capitol, Athenian general Miltiades took command of the hastily assembled army. In the ensuing battle, Miltiades led his contingent of 10,000 Athenians and 1,000 Plataeans to victory over the Persian force of 15,000 by reinforcing his battle line’s flanks and thus decoying the Persians’ best troops into pushing back his centre, where they were surrounded by the inward-wheeling Greek wings. Omissions? A. Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. The Battle of Marathon (Ancient Greek: Μάχη τοῦ Μαραθῶνος, romanized: Machē tou Marathōnos) took place in 490 BC during the first Persian invasion of Greece. That bold, often repeated statement, is based on three assumptions. Those were the numbers of the fallen on both sides.... [Note: There is, of course, the story about a young man who ran from Marathon to Athens (a distance of about 26 miles) and shouted Nike! The Persians were defeated by the Athenians at Marathon , Greece . The defeat at Marathon was a decisive victory that marked the end of the first Persian invasion of Greece. Edit. Quiz. Objectives: To find out what happened at the Battle of Marathon To analyse the main reasons for the Greek victory It suggests a difficult and arduous challenge that can only be overcome due to perseverance. C. The Macedonians united the Greek city states. On being almost enveloped, the Persian troops broke into flight. No allies except the Plataeans joined the Athenian resistance of less than 10,000 troops, and some autocratic regimes in Attica supported the invaders in the hope of toppling the fledgling democracy. Athens won. Consequences. Herodotus, however, relates that a trained runner, Pheidippides (also spelled Phidippides, or Philippides), was sent from Athens to Sparta before the battle in order to request assistance from the Spartans; he is said to have covered about 150 miles (240 km) in about two days. This statement is incorrect. I have my students use their textbooks to fill this out, and this could definitely be a group activity. According to legend, a messenger was sent from Marathon to Athens, a distance of about 25 miles (40 km), and announced the Persian defeat before dying of exhaustion. D. The Medes won. Edit. They knew with certainty that the imminent Battle of Marathon would be the world’s first horrendous clash of civilizations—East against West. (possibly on August or September 12), perhaps 25,000 Persians, under King Darius' generals, landed on the Greek Plain of Marathon. It's also a place. Which battle during the Persian Wars best fits this statement: "The army of Xerxes was defeated by the 300 Spartans." The Persian Wars lasted from 492 - 449 BCE. Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images. BATTLE OF MARATHON. The battle was the culmination of the first attempt by Persia, under King Darius I, to subjugate Greece. According to legend, an Athenian messenger was sent from Marathon to Athens, a distance of about 25 miles (40 km), and there he announced the Persian defeat before dying of exhaustion. A city in Greece where a famous battle occurred 2,500 years ago that was where the significance of all these things came from. The Battle of Marathon was fought because the Persian Army wanted to defeat the Greek city-states that supported the uprisings in Ionia, part of modern-day Turkey, against the Persian Empire. The Greeks could not hope to face the Persians’ cavalry contingent on the open plain, but before dawn one day the Greeks learned that the cavalry was temporarily absent from the Persian camp, whereupon Miltiades ordered a general attack upon the Persian infantry. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Played 0 times. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Around the 5th century bc, the Persians under Cyrus the Great had rapidly expanded their domain. 4 days ago by. The winner of the first marathon was Spiridon Louis, a Greek shepherd who never ran another competitive race again. The generals were evenly divided on whether to await the Persians or to attack them, and the tie was broken by a civil official, Callimachus, who decided in favour of an attack. Pericles transformed his ...read more, Leonidas (c. 530-480 B.C.) All Rights Reserved. B. History. Although Leonidas lost the battle, his death at Thermopylae was seen as a heroic sacrifice because he sent most ...read more, The term “classical Greece” refers to the period between the Persian Wars at the beginning of the fifth century B.C. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. When was the battle of Marathon? The date was either August 12th or September 12th in the year 490 BC when the battle … The battle was fought on the Marathon plain of northeastern Attica and marked the first blows of the Greco-Persian War. The Battle of Marathon was a watershed in the Greco-Persian wars, showing the Greeks that the Persians could be beaten. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Content: In 500 BCE the Persian Empire stretched from India to the shores of the Black Sea. Lead: On the plain at Marathon, Greek armies met a much larger Persian invasion force. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. A. To meet the larger invading force, the Athenian army commander Miltiades thinned out his army's center and reinforced the wings, hoping that his hoplites—heavily armed foot soldiers—could hold the middle while his flanks broke through the lighter-clad Persian infantry. Pupils will find out what happened at the Battle of Marathon and why it had such a surprising outcome, before using their knowledge to analyse key reasons for the Greek victory in a group sorting activity. In this battle of Marathon there died, of the barbarians, about six thousand four hundred men, and, of the Athenians, one hundred and ninety-two. In 490 B.C. History. Interbellum (490–480 BC) Achaemenid Empire The first encounter on the Greek mainland between East (Persia) and West (Greece) took place in August or September of 490 B.C., on the small seaside plain of Marathon, 26 miles northeast of Athens. The Persian invasion was a response to Greek involvement in the … The first marathon was 40 kilometers, or under 25 miles (as opposed to today’s 26.2 miles), and almost half of the competitors had to quit from exhaustion. Map of the Battle of Marathon which took place in 490 B.C. Four of the generals then ceded their commands to the Athenian general Miltiades, thus effectively making him commander in chief. 4 days ago by. Play this game to review Ancient History. Question 17 of 40 2.5/ 2.5 Points What was the outcome of the Battle of Marathon? Even if you aren't a runner, the word carries a hefty amount of meaning. Almost immediately, the victory of “the Marathon men” captured the collective imagination of the Greeks. The Persians won. Anticipating this, Militiades quickly returned the bulk of the army to the city. © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. This document is a chart comparing the Battle of Marathon with the Battle of Thermopylae. The Battle of Marathon was fought because the Persian Army wanted to defeat the Greek city-states that supported the uprisings in Ionia, part of modern-day Turkey, against the Persian Empire.The first encounter on the Greek mainland between East (Persia) and West (Greece) took place in August or September of 490 B.C., on the small seaside plain of Marathon, 26 miles northeast of Athens. In fact, the Athenian center broke, but it held long enough for the Athenians to rout the Persian wings and meet in the rear, causing a general panic among the invaders. Preview this quiz on Quizizz. It was part of the first Greco-Persian war. Battle of Marathon DRAFT. The Greeks won. The Persians were defeated by the Athenians at Marathon, Greece. It was fought between the Athenians and the Persians. Updates? 8th grade . Marathon. The Battle of Marathon took place in September 490 BC on the plain of Marathon. The Peloponnesian War marked a significant power shift in ancient Greece, favoring Sparta, and also ushered in a period of regional decline that signaled the ...read more, The Boston Marathon Bombing was a terrorist attack that occurred on April 15, 2013, when two bombs went off near the finish line of the Boston Marathon, killing three spectators and wounding more than 260 other people. The Battle of Marathon in 490 B.C. Epigrams were composed and panoramic murals were put on display. The first is that the Athenians were fighting for the independence of Greece. Behind them lay everything they held dear: their city, their homes, their families. 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