Toy designed to be struck? Browse. On a _ schedule, reinforcement is contingent upon emitting at least a certain number of responses in a certain period of time. It differs from a VI schedule in that a response (is/is not) _ required to obtain the reinforcer. The basic principles involve the manipulation of consequences which follow behavior in order to modify behavior. Created by. For example, in an experimental demonstration of avoidance that involves a tone and an aversive air blast, the rat avoids the _, which is a (CS/US) _. PLAY. To solve this problem, she announces that whenever she is holding up a flag, the children can run around and do whatever they want. According to the _, walking through the woods could be used as a _ for yardwork. This produces a _ rate of response. The child may also become _ as a result of the spanking, which might later be directed to his little brother or sister. Upgrade to remove ads. Thank you for being Super. Test. Regardless of how often the lever was pressed, the food pellet was only delivered upon pressing the lever after 12 seconds. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The gradual development of new operant behavior through reinforcement of _ to that behavior is called _. Operant responses are sometimes simply called _. C) observational learning. On a _ schedule, a response must not occur until 20 seconds have elapsed since the last reinforcer. -Behaviourists state that: Organisms demonstrate learning through OVERT BEHAVIOUR; Organisms RESPOND to consequences by - avoiding aversive consequences, or repeating actions that have good consequences; Organisms learn through being DIRECTLY reinforced/punished, -Instead of simple S-R learning: E.g., Specific response to specific stimuli (molecular), Goal-oriented behaviour (molar, broader level), -Holistic approach instead of features/molecules, -SELIGMAN's challenge to Skinnerian principles, SELIGMAN's challenge to Skinnerian principles, Feel reinforced/punished by watching model get reinforced/punished, Social learning theory 4 processes involved, Must be able to reproduce action (practice). This may be an example of an extinction effect known as _. On a fixed interval schedule, reinforcement is contingent upon the first response _ a fixed period of time. If she is also scolded when she speaks out of turn, she becomes less likely to interrupt the class. _ _. He noticed that his dogs salivated whenever he entered the room to feed them. This is an example of a _ contrast effect. When Erin was babysitting Lucie, it took hours before Lucie would stop pestering her for a treat. For Steven, the act of reading fairy tales is functioning as what type of reinforcer? This quiz was derived from material in: Psychology-Hockenbury & … -Never know which response will deliver reward. Interestingly, she subsequently became (more/less) _ interested in other activities, including her job. According to _ theory, it is likely the case that, for Harpreet, the act of expending a lot of effort has often been _. law of effect; satisfying; unsatisfying (or annoying). B. F. Skinner's work elaborated what E. L. Thorndike had called: A) shaping. A pleasant consequence makes that behavior more likely to be repeated in the future. This is an example of (A) negative reinforcement, (B) negative punishment, (C) positive reinforcement, (D) positive punishment. On a _ schedule (abbreviated _), reinforcement is contingent upon a fixed, predictable number of responses. This method is based on Skinner's three-term contingency and it differs from the method of When the intruder saw that Otto was awake, he stabbed him and fled. By comparison, the bee-phobic person who was once stung avoids _, which is a (CS/US) _. Laura tried many different ways to get Trish to talk to her: phoning her, e-mailing, writing letters, and sending messages through mutual friends. Definition. What is a primary reinforcer? This may be an example of a(n) _ contrast effect. Choose from 500 different sets of skinner operant conditioning flashcards on Quizlet. operant conditioning the organism develops the expectation that their response will be rein-forced, which also includes latent learning without proximate reinforcement (Myers 2008: p. 243). 2. Drinking a soda to quench your thirst is an example of _ reduction; drinking a soda because you love its tangy sweetness is an example of _ motivation. According to Mineka, there are limitations in the extent to which experimental demonstrations of avoidance are analogous to human phobias. all of his troops climb out of the trench and start running toward the enemy. Operant Conditioning is a simple description of operant conditioning / instrumental learning and why it is important in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Operant behaviors are usually defined as a _ of responses, all of which are capable of producing a certain _. For example, if a student is rewarded with praise every time she raises her hand in class, she becomes more likely to raise her hand again in the future. When Erin was babysitting Lucie, it took hours before Lucie would stop pestering her for a treat (Erin had been instructed not to give her any treats). The next time Erin babysits Lucie, Lucie will (probably/probably not) _ resume asking for a treat. Thondike (1874- 1949) was the pioneer in studying this kind of learning. Operant conditioning can involve positive reinforcement, such as giving a dog a treat or a rat getting food. According to the _ approach, Anna's ideal schedule provides the _ amount of overall reinforcement that can be obtained from those activities. probably; spontaneous recovery; discriminative. Through this process, an association is formed between the behavior and the consequences of that behavior. His famous formulation of Law … It was rewarded after every 8th lever press. One problem with spanking a child for being noisy while playing is that he might not only stop being noisy but also stop _. immediately; consistent; positively reinforce. For example, in an experimental demonstration of avoidance that involves a tone and an aversive air blast, the rat will likely require (one/more than one) _ conditioning trial. contrast; reinforcement; opposite; response. A pigeon pecks a green key on a VR 9 schedule, then a red key on an FI 20-. When Tamara first moved to the city, she went out each evening and had a great time. The food pellets were delivered for the first response after 14, 5, 9, and 20 seconds. -A rat was rewarded with food pellets for pressing a lever. The parent should also _ the behavior of playing appropriately with the cat. Getting injured is a (primary/secondary) _ punisher for the behavior of. 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